downloaded from the web on june 11 1995 exploratorium's Artists In Residence Program 366w


Peter Richards -- 1986 _________________________________________________________________

The Wave Organ is a wave-activated acoustic sculpture located on a jetty in the San Francisco Bay. The concept was developed by Peter Richards and was installed in collaboration with sculptor and master stone mason George Gonzales. Inspiration for the piece came from artist Bill Fontana's recordings made of sounds emanating from a vent pipe of a floating concrete dock in Sydney, Australia.

In 1980, Richards received a planning grant from the National Endowment for the Arts which enabled him to conduct an extensive period of investigation into the physicality of the Wave Organ phenomenon. The speaker horn and audio equipment were either built or acquired for use in some of the experiments of this period.

A prototype, located at the same location, was presented as part of New Music '81 Festival. Though very rudimentary in nature, it generated enthusiasm and support for a permanent work. Permit acquisition and fundraising efforts by Frank Oppenheimer, founding director of the Exploratorium, began soon after but actual construction did not start until September of 1985. It was completed in May of 1986 and was dedicated in June to the memory of Frank Oppenheimer.

Wave Organ is located on a jetty that forms the small Boat Harbor in the Marina district of San Francisco. The jetty itself was constructed with material taken from a demolished cemetery, providing a wonderful assortment of carved granite and marble, which were used in the construction of this piece. The installation includes 25 organ pipes made of PVC and concrete and are located at various elevations within the site, allowing for the rise and fall of the tides. Sound is created by the impact of waves against the pipe ends and the subsequent movement of the water in and out of the pipes. The sound heard at the site is much more subtle than the recording played here, requiring visitors to become sensitized to its music, and at the same time to the music of the environment.

-Peter Richards _________________________________________________________________

The Exploratorium, 3601 Lyon Street, San Francisco CA 94123