Jon H. Appleton Dartmouth College . Ronald C. Perera Smith College The Development and Practice of Electronic Music Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, copyright 1975. chapter on Live-Electronic Music by Gordon Mumma excerpts Typed by Barb. Golden, Sept 6 1994

In Europe collaborative live-electronic music activity began in 1964 with the Gruppo di Improvvisazione Nuova Consonanza in Rome. This group was an international collaboration (as was the socially and artistically broader conspiracy called FLUXUS), and included the American composers Larry Austin, John Eaton, and William Smith, as well as Europeans Mario Bertoncini, Aldo Clementi, Franco Evangelisti, Roland Kayn, and Ivan Vandor. p.316

downloaded from ND magazine website on may 28 1995 excerpts from as of spring 1994 reviews file

Gruppo di Improvvisazione Nuova Consonanza [Edition RZ] (CD, 64 min) Led by pianist Franco Evangelisti the Gruppo performed as a collective from 65 -71. The focus was to expand both the sonic capabilities of their instruments, but also the sensitivity of each performer within the context of the improvisation. The result(s) remain some of the purist and elevated abstract explorations put to tape retaining both warmth and intelligence. Piano, percussion, double bass, trombone, cello, trumpet, etc are the tools for unparalleled types of aesthetic experiences I was led through and into. This could easily be described as difficult music but only if one remains on the surface of its architecture. An historically necessary must have.(RF)